UPSC Ecology And Environment Current Ecological Developments Question Bank Current Ecological Developments

  • question_answer
    Read the following statements regarding forest conservation.
    (i) National Forest Commission was set up in 2002 to review and assess India's policy and law on forest
    (ii) Chipko Movement stated in 1975 for forest conservation.
    (iii) Jhum cultivation helped in forest conservation.
    Choose the correct option.

    A) only i               

    B) i and ii

    C) ii and iii            

    D) i and iii

    Correct Answer: A

    Solution :

    In 2002, India set up a National Forest Commission to review and assess India's policy and law, its effect on India's forests. Indian forests are home to a wide variety of animal and plant species which are vital to maintaining ecological balance. Chipko Movement stated in 1973 for forest conservation and was based on the Gandhian philosophy of peaceful resistance to achieve the goals. There is a drop- in jhum cultivation, which included burning of forest to make area available for farming.

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