• # question_answer What will happen when a 40 watt, 220 volt lamp and 100 watt, 220 volt lamp are connected in series across 40 volt supply                                                         [BHU 2004] A)            100 watt lamp will fuse           B)            40 watt lamp will fuse C)            Both lamps will fuse                D)            Neither lamp will fuse

Bulb (I) : Rated current ${{I}_{1}}=\frac{P}{V}=\frac{40}{220}=\frac{2}{11}amp.$ Resistance ${{R}_{1}}=\frac{{{V}^{2}}}{P}=\frac{{{(220)}^{2}}}{40}=1210\,\Omega$ Bulb (II) : Rated current ${{I}_{2}}=\frac{100}{220}=\frac{5}{11}amp$ Resistance ${{R}_{2}}=\frac{{{(220)}^{2}}}{100}=484\,\Omega$ When both are connected in series across 40 V supply Total current through supply $I=\frac{40}{{{P}_{1}}+{{P}_{2}}}=\frac{40}{1210+484}=\frac{40}{1254}=0.03A$ This current is less than the rated current of each bulb. So neither bulb will fuse. Short Trick : Since VApplied < VRated, neither bulb will fuse.