JEE Main & Advanced Mathematics Trigonometric Equations Question Bank Height and Distance

  • question_answer
    A vertical pole consists of two parts, the lower part being one third of the whole. At a point in the horizontal plane through the base of the pole and distance 20 meters from it, the upper part of the pole subtends an angle whose tangent is \[\frac{1}{2}\]. The possible heights of the pole are [IIT 1964]

    A) 20 m and \[20\sqrt{3}\,m\]

    B) 20 m and 60 m

    C) 16 m and 48 m

    D) None of these

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

    \[\frac{H}{3}\cot \alpha =d\] and \[d=150\cot \varphi =60m\] or \[\frac{H}{3d}=\tan \alpha \] and \[\frac{H}{d}=\tan \beta \] \[\tan (\beta -\alpha )=\frac{1}{2}=\frac{\frac{H}{d}-\frac{H}{3d}}{1+\frac{{{H}^{2}}}{3{{d}^{2}}}}\] \[\Rightarrow \] \[1+\frac{{{H}^{2}}}{3{{d}^{2}}}=\frac{4H}{3d}\] \[\Rightarrow \] \[{{H}^{2}}-4dH+3{{d}^{2}}=0\] \[\Rightarrow \] \[{{H}^{2}}-80H+3\,(400)=0\] \[\Rightarrow \]\[H=20\]or \[60m\].

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