|Distinguish between the Federal form of Government and Unitary form of Government.|
|What is the main difference between a federal form of government and a unitary one? Explain with an example.|
Distinction between Federal from and Unitary from of Governments.
|Federal form of Government||Unitary form of Government|
|Nature: Under the federal system there are two levels of government, one at the central level and other at the state level. Both Level have their areas of jurisdiction.||Nature: But in Unitary form of government either there is only one level of government or the sub-units are subordinate to the central government.|
|Function: (i) In federal system a state government has powers of its own for which it is not answerable to the central government. (ii) Central government cannot order the state government to do something||Function: (i) On the other hand in unitary system the state government does not have Powers of its own. (ii) The central government can pass on orders to the local government.|
|Scope and Significance : In most federations, there is dual citizenship-one of the country and one of state. For example, U.S.A., but this does not exist in India.||Scope and Significance: Unlike a federal system Unitary system has a single citizenship.|
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