11th Class Business Studies Sources Of Business Finance Question Bank Sources Of Business Finance (Long)

  • question_answer
    Differentiate between a share and a debenture.


    Ans.     Following are the main differences between a debenture and a share:
    1. Debenture holder is a creditor of the company and cannot take part in the management of the company while a shareholder is the owner of the company. It is the basic distinction between a debenture and a share.
    2. Debenture holders will get interest on debentures and will be paid in all circumstances, whether there is profit or loss will not affect the payment of interest on debentures. Shareholder will get a portion of the profits called dividend which is dependent on the profits of the company. It can be declared by the directors of the company out of profits only.
    3. Shares cannot be converted into debentures whereas debentures can be converted into shares.
    4. Debentures will get priority in getting the money back as compared to shareholder in case of liquidation of a company.
    5. There are no restrictions on the issue of debentures at a discount, whereas shares at discount can be issued only after observing certain legal formalities.
    6. Convertible debentures which can be converted into shares at the option of debenture holder can be issued whereas shares convertible into debentures cannot be issued.
    7. There can be mortgage debentures i.e. assets of the company can be mortgaged in favor of debenture holders. But there can be no mortgage shares. Assets of the company cannot be mortgaged in favor of shareholders.

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