# UPSC Geography Oceans and continents Question Bank

### done Continents

• A) Herodotus

B) Eratosthenes

C) Posidonius

D) Ptolemy

• A) 1 : 2

B) 1 : 1

C) 1 : 4

D) 2 : 1

• A) North America

B) Asia

C) Africa

D) Europe

•  Assertion [A]: The length of the day at the equator is always 12 hours. Reason [R]: The angle of incidence of the Sun's rays at the equator is constant.

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

B) Both A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A.

C) A is true, but R is false.

D) A is false, but R is true.

•  1. The axis of the Earth's magnetic field is inclined at $23{{\left( \frac{1}{2} \right)}^{o}}$to the geographic axis of the Earth. 2. The Earth's magnetic pole in the Northern hemisphere is located on a peninsula in Northern Canada. 3. Earth's magnetic equator passes through Thumba in South India.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

A) 2 only

B) 1 and 2 only

C) 2 and 3 only

D) 1, 2, and 3

•  1 ${{10}^{o}}N$ ${{15}^{o}}N$ 2 ${{15}^{o}}N$ ${{40}^{o}}N$ 3 ${{40}^{o}}N$ ${{50}^{o}}N$ 4 ${{50}^{o}}N$ ${{70}^{o}}N$

A) 1, 3, 2, 4

B) 2, 1, 3, 4

C) 2, 1, 4, 3

D) 1, 4, 3, 2

• A) Drifting of the continents,

B) Location of chain of Fold Mountains around the Pacific Ocean.

C) Antipodal arrangement of the continents and ocean

D) Triangular shape of the continents and the oceans.

•  1. Either of the two belts over the oceans at about ${{30}^{o}}$to${{35}^{o}}$N and S latitudes is known as Horse Latitude. 2. Horse latitude are low pressure belts.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A) 1 only

B) 2 only

C) Both 1 and 2

D) Neither 1 nor 2

•  List-I List-II A. Tropic of cancer (i)$23\frac{1}{2}{{\,}^{o}}N$ B. Tropic of Capricorn (ii)$23\frac{1}{2}{{\,}^{o}}S$ C. Arctic circle (iii)$66\frac{1}{2}{{\,}^{o}}N$ D. Antarctic circle (iv)$66\frac{1}{2}{{\,}^{o}}S$

A) A - i, B - ii, C - iii, D - iv

B) A - ii, B - iii, C - iv, D - i

C) A - iv, B - i, C - iii, D - ii

D) A - ii, B - i, C - iv, D - iii

•  List-I List-II A. ${{0}^{o}}$ latitude (i) Standard meridian of India B. $88\frac{1}{2}{{\,}^{o}}E$ (ii) Arctic Circle C. $23\frac{1}{2}{{\,}^{o}}S$ (iii) Equator D. $66\frac{1}{2}{{\,}^{o}}N$ (iv) Tropic of Capricorn

A) A - (iii), B - (i), C - (iv), D - (ii)

B) A - (ii), B - (iii), C - (iv), D - (i)

C) A - (iii), B - (ii), C - (i), D - (iv)

D) A - (iii), B - (i), C - (ii), D - (iv)

•  Assertion [A]: Mercator's projection has been used for making navigational charts. Reason [R]: Loxodromes arc shown as straight lines on this.

A) Both A and R are true and R Explains A

B) Both A and R are true but R docs not explain A

C) A is true but R is false

D) A is false but R is true

• A) Cameroon

B) Costa Rica

C) Kenya

D) Venezuela

• A) Atlantic ocean

B) Indian ocean

C) Pacific ocean

D) Mediterranean ocean

• A) Atlantic ocean

B) Ghana

C) Morocco

D) Pacific ocean

• A) Congo

B) Limpopo

C) Niger

D) Zambezi

• A) June 21

B) December 22

C) March 21 and September 2 3

D) June 21 and December 22

• A) Isonephs

B) Isorums

C) Isohels

D) Isohyets

• A) France and Germany

C) North Korea and South Korea

D) Mexico and USA

• A) equator

B) ${{0}^{o}}$longitude

C) ${{90}^{o}}$east, longitude

D) ${{180}^{o}}$east-west longitude

• A) Australia

B) Europe

C) Asia

D) North America

• A) Rainfall is seasonal and scanty

B) There is a number of intermontane plateaus

C) River channels are obstructed by lava flows

D) It is a very large continent

• A) North America and South America

B) Asia and Africa

C) Africa and South America

D) Europe and Asia

•  Statement I El Nino is a temperature rising phenomenon over the Pacific Ocean and usually causes dry monsoon in South Asia. Statement II Tsunamis arc usually not noticed as the massive ocean waves move silently but assume destructive form as these travel through shallow waters of continental shelves.

A) Both the statement arc individually true and statement II is the correct explanation of statement I.

B) Both the statement are individually true, but statement II is not the correct explanation of statement I

C) Statement I is true, but Statement II is false.

D) Statement I is false, but Statement II is true. [NDA-2011-II]

•  Assertion [A]: Maps that are usually referring various attributes information are called complex Thematic maps. Reason [R]: Complex Thematic Maps are used to show locations of earth's different features and activities.

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

B) Both A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A

C) A is true, but R is false

D) A is false, but R is true

• A) 31,000 km

B) 40,000 km

C) 50,000 km

D) 64,000 km

• A) Equator is great circle

B) A ship can save fuel and time by following the great circle arc between two points

C) Only one great circle can be drawn on a sphere

D) A great circle results when a plane passes through the centre of a sphere