UPSC Indian Polity and Civics The State Judiciary Question Bank State Government

  • question_answer
    53. The Parliament can legislate on the subjects in the State List if the

    A) President issues an order authorizing it to do so

    B) Supreme Court gives authority to the Parliament in this regard

    C) Rajya Sabha passes a resolution by two-thirds of its members present and voting, declaring it expedient to legislate on a State matter in the national interest

    D) Prune Minister issues a special order

    Correct Answer: C

    Solution :

    State list consists of 61 items (previously 66 items). Uniformity is desirable but not essential on items in this list: maintaining law and order, police forces, healthcare, transport, land policies, electricity in state, village administration, etc. The state legislature has exclusive power to make laws on these subjects. But in certain circumstances, the parliament can also make laws on subjects mentioned in the State list. Then the parliament has to pass a resolution with 2/3rd majority that it is expedient to legislate on this state list in the national interest. Though states have exclusive powers to legislate with regards to items on the State list, articles 249, 250, 252, and 253 state situations in which the federal government can legislate on these items.

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