|Consider the following observations about Bhakti Movement in India,|
|1. It was confined to only some parts of North and Central India.|
|2. It's doctrine is the foundation of modern Vaishnavite Hinduism.|
|3. It was a spontaneous movement.|
|Which of the observations given above are correct?|
A) 1 and 3
B) 2 and 3
C) 1 and 2
D) All of these
Correct Answer: B
Solution :[b] It was confined to only some parts of North and Central India. This is an incorrect statement. The Bhakti Movement actually originated from South India and expanded all over India. It's doctrine is the foundation of modern Vaishnavite Hinduism. This is a correct statement. The Doctrine of Bhakti Movement is the foundation of modern Vaishnavite Hinduism Unlike in the South, where devotion was centered on both Shiva and Vishnu (in all his forms), the Northern devotional movement was centered on Rama and Krishna, both of whom are considered incarnations of Vishnu. Despite this, the sect of Shiva or of the Devi did not declined. Infact, for all of its history, the Bhakti Movement co-existed peacefully with the other movements in Hinduism. It was initially considered unorthodox, as it rebelled against caste distinctions and disregarded Brahmanic rituals, which according to saints were not necessary for salvation. In the course however, owing to its immense popularity among the masses (and even royal patronage) it became orthodox continuous to be one of the most important modes of religious expression in modern India.
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