|Consider the following statements.|
|1. Panini systematised the rules governing Sanskrit and produced a grammar called Ashtadhyayi, in the 5th century BC.|
|2. By the 3rd century BC, mathematics, astronomy and medicine began to develop separately.|
|3. The zero was discovered by Indians in about the 2nd century BC.|
|Which of the statements] given above is/are correct?|
A) Only 1
B) Only 2
C) Only 3
D) All of these
Correct Answer: D
Solution :[d] The first result of the scientific outlook of Indians was the development of Sanskrit grammar. Statement 1 is correct in this regard. In the field of mathematics, the ancient Indians made three distinct contributions: the notation system, the decimal system and the use of zero. So, Statement 2 is also correct. Statement 3 is also correct with respect to invention of zero. Indian mathematicians considered zero as a separate numeral and it was used in this sense in sums of arithmetic. So, correct option is [d].
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