UPSC General Studies Sample Paper General Studies Sample Paper-10

  • question_answer
    Consider the following statements.
    1. Panini systematised the rules governing Sanskrit and produced a grammar called Ashtadhyayi, in the 5th century BC.                                   
    2. By the 3rd century BC, mathematics, astronomy and medicine began to develop separately.
    3. The zero was discovered by Indians in about the 2nd century BC.
    Which of the statements] given above is/are correct?

    A)  Only 1             

    B)  Only 2

    C)  Only 3             

    D)  All of these

    Correct Answer: D

    Solution :

    [d] The first result of the scientific outlook of Indians was the development of Sanskrit grammar. Statement 1 is correct in this regard. In the field of mathematics, the ancient Indians made three distinct contributions: the notation system, the decimal system and the use of zero. So, Statement 2 is also correct. Statement 3 is also correct with respect to invention of zero. Indian mathematicians considered zero as a separate numeral and it was used in this sense in sums of arithmetic. So, correct option is [d].

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