|Which of the following are the objectives of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP)?|
|1. To stabilise agricultural prices.|
|2. To ensure meaningful real income levels to the farmers.|
|3. To protect the interests of the consumers by providing essential agricultural commodities at reasonable rates through public distribution system.|
|4. To ensure maximum price for the farmer.|
|Select the correct answer using the codes given below.|
A) 1, 2 and 3
B) 1, 2 and 4
C) 3 and 4
D) 2, 3 and 4
Correct Answer: A
Solution :[a] The Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP) formerly known as Agricultural Prices Commission which analyses the input costs and recommends the minimum support price, thereby ensuring a meaningful real income levels to the farmers. It is mandated to recommend Minimum Support Prices (MSPs) to incentivise the cultivators to adopt modern technology, and raise productivity and overall grain production in line with the emerging demand patterns in the country. Assurance of a remunerative and 1 stable price environment is considered very important for increasing agricultural production and productivity since the market place for agricultural produce tends to be inherently unstable, which often inflict undue losses on the growers, even when they adopt the best available technology package and produce efficiently. Towards this end, MSP for major agricultural products are fixed by the government, each year, after taking into account the recommendations of the commission. As of now, CACP recommends MSPs of 23 commodities, which comprise 7 cereals (paddy, wheat, maize, sorghum, pearl millet, barley and ragi), 5 pulses (gram, tur, moong, urad, lentil), 7 oilseeds (groundnut, rapeseed-mustard, soyabean, seasmum, sunflower, safflower, nigerseed), and 4 commercial crops (copra, sugarcane, cotton and raw jute).
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