UPSC General Studies Sample Paper General Studies Sample Paper-1

  • question_answer
    How is the independence of the Supreme Court ensured in the Constitution?
    1. Retired judges of Supreme Court are prohibited from taking up public office.
    2. Expenses of the Supreme Court are charged on the Consolidated Fund of India.
    3. Supreme Court has complete freedom to appoint any of its staff without interference.
    4. Parliament can extend the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, but cannot curtail the same.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A)  1 and 2           

    B)  2 and 4           

    C)  2, 3 and 4                    

    D)  3 and 4

    Correct Answer: C

    Solution :

    [c] Statement 1 is incorrect as the only prohibition on retired Supreme Court Judges is on practicing of law and they are free to hold other public offices, like e.g. Chairman of National Human Right Commission (NHRC). Statement 2 is correct as the expenses of Supreme Court including the salaries and administrative expenses of Supreme Court judges are charged on the Consolidated Fund of India. Statement 3 is also correct as it is provided in Article 146 of the Constitution. Statement 4 is also correct and Parliament can only extend the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court and cannot curtail it. Thus, the right answer is [c].

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