UPSC General Studies Sample Paper General Studies Sample Paper-1

  • question_answer
    Consider the following statements about the policy of Doctrine of lapse.
    1. Lord Dalhousie used 'Doctrine of Lapse' as a chief instrument for expansion of Birtish territories in India.
    2. Under two 'Doctrine of Lapse' the Indian state was not allowed to pass on to an adopted heir, unless prior approval of British.
    3. Apart from Jhansi, Nagpur and Satara were annexed using this doctrine.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A)  1 and 2           

    B)  1 and 3            

    C)  1 and 3           

    D)  All of these

    Correct Answer: D

    Solution :

    [d] The chief instrument through which Lord Dalhousie implemented his policy of annexation was the 'Doctrine of Lapse'. Under this doctrine, when the ruler of a protected state died without a natural heir, his state was not to pass to an adopted heir as sanctioned by the old traditions, but it was to be annexed to British India, unless the adoption has been approved by the British. Most of the Indian states, including Satara in 1848, Jhansi in 1853 and Nagpur in 1854 were annexed by applying this doctrine.

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