UPSC General Studies Sample Paper General Studies Sample Paper-2

  • question_answer
    Consider the following statements with reference to conditions which aggravated the misery of farmers in Deccan regions in 1860's.
    1. The end of the American Civil War in 1864 brought about an acute increase in cotton exports and an improvement in prices.
    2. In Maharashtra, as part of the Ryotwari system, land revenue was settled directly with the peasants, who were also recognised as the owner of their land.
    3. Agriculturists Relief Act, 1879 was passed to make the plight of farmers more pathetic.
    Which of the statements] given above is/are correct?

    A)  Only 2             

    B)  Only 1

    C)  Only 3 

    D)  None of these

    Correct Answer: A

    Solution :

    [a] During the early 1860s, the American Civil War had led to a rise in cotton exports which had pushed up prices. The end of the Civil War in 1864 brought about an acute depression in cotton exports and a crash in prices. Simultaneously, in 1867, the Government raised land revenue by nearly 50%, so Statement 1 is incorrect, as further decrease in prices and increased revenue led severe exploitation of peasants. Statement 2 is correct as Deccan was part of Ryotwari System. After Deccan riots 1875, British government passed the Deccan Agricultural Relief Act, 1879 to deal with A QT\cuftuta\ vrotebted TOSs.

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