UPSC General Studies Sample Paper General Studies Sample Paper-2

  • question_answer
    Consider the following statements regarding the Wetlands.
    1. Wetlands are lands that are transitional between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
    2. Though the Kolleru Lake provides habitat for a number of resident and migratory birds, including the vulnerable Grey Pelican yet it is not covered within the Ramsar convention.
    3. Chilikalake is a brackish lake, placed on the Montreux Record in 1993 due to siltation, which was choking the mouth of the lake.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A)  1 and 3           

    B)  1 and 2            

    C)  All of these                   

    D)  None of these

    Correct Answer: A

    Solution :

    [a] Wetlands are the link between land and water and are some of the most productive ecosystems in the world. Some I common names for different types of wetlands are swamp, marsh and bog. They are the lands that are transitional between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, so the Statement 1 is correct. Kolleru lake is a part of Ramsar Convention. hence the Statement 2 is incorrect. Chilika lake was added to the list of Ramsar sites in danger-the Montreux Record in 1993, however removed from it in 2002 due to substantial work done to solve ecological problem by Chilika Development Authority (CDA), so the Statement 3 is correct. The Ramsar sites in India are: Ashtamudi Wetland, (Kerala) Bhitarkanika Mangroves, (Odisha) Bhoj Wetland, (Madhya Pradesh) Chandra Taal, (Himachal Pradesh) Chilika Lake. (Odisha) Deepor Beel, (Asom) East Calcutta Wetlands. (Pasha Banga) Harike Wetland, (Punjab) Hokersar Wetland. (Jammu and Kashmir) Kanjii Wetland, (Punjab) Keoladeo National Park, (Rajasthan) Kolleru Lake, (Andhra Pradesh) Loktak Lake, (Manipur) Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary, (Gujarat) Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary, (Tamil Nadu) Pong Dam Lake (Himachal Pradesh) Renuka Wetland, (Himachal Pradesh) Ropar, (Punjab) Rudrasagar Lake (Tripura) Sambhar Lake    (Rajasthan)    Sasthamkotta    Lake,    (Kerala) Surinsar-Mansar Lakes, (Jammu and Kashmir) Thrissur Kole Wetlands (Kerala) Tsomoriri, (Jammu and Kashmir) Upper Ganga River (Brijghat to Narora strech), (Uttar Pradesh). Vembanand-Kol Wetland' (Kerala), Wular Lake (Jammu and Kashmir).

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