UPSC General Studies Sample Paper General Studies Sample Paper-2

  • question_answer
    Consider the following statements regarding multi-purpose river valley projects.
    1. The Bhakra-Nangal Project on Sutlej and Beas river is used both for hydel power production and irrigation.
    2. Hirakud Project in the Mahanadi basin integrates conservation of water with flood control.
    3. Damodar Valley Corporation is the first multi-purpose project of India.
    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    A)  Only 1 

    B)  1 and 2            

    C)  2 and 3           

    D)  All of these

    Correct Answer: D

    Solution :

    [d] Bhakra-Nangal Project It is the highest multi-purpose river valley project of India. It is a joint ventur of Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan. Dams are constructed across the river Sutlej in Himachal Pradesh at Bhakra and Nangal. Bhakra dam is 226m high and is the highest dam in Asia. The canals of this project are 3402 km long and provide irrigation to 14.6 lakh hectares of land. Delhi and Himachal Pradesh also get irrigation water and hydro-electric power. The Hirakud Project Flood control, irrigation and production of hydro-electricity are the main purposes of this project. This project is constructed across the river Mahanadi at a distance of 10 km from Sambalpur in Odisha. The Hirakud Project has the longest dam in India with a length of 4801 m. It irrigates almost 2.54 lakh hectares of land. The States of Odisha, Bihar and Chhattisgarh are provided with irrigation and hydro-electricity. Damodar River Valley Project This was the first multi-purpose project constructed after independence. It was a joint venture of former Bihar and Paschim Banga States. The objectives of this project were to control floods, provide navigation, hydro-electricity, fish culture, recreational facilities afforestation and prevention of soil erosion. It has 2495 km length of canals and 4.5 lakh hectares of land under irrigation. Dams are constructed across river Damodar and its tributaries at Tilaya, Konar, Maithon and Panchet hill. Thermal power stations are constructed at Bokaro, Chandrapur and Durgapur. Jharkhand and Paschim Banga benefit from this project.

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