UPSC General Studies Sample Paper General Studies Sample Paper-2

  • question_answer
    How does National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) help in protecting the Indian agriculture?
    1. NBA checks the bio-piracy and protects the indigenous and traditional genetic resources.       .
    2. NBA directly monitors and supervises the scientific research on genetic modification of crop plants,
    3. Applications for Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) related to genetic/biological resources cannot I made without the approval of NBA.
    Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

    A)  Only 1             

    B)  2 and 3               

    C)  1 and 3           

    D)  All of these

    Correct Answer: D

    Solution :

    [d] NBA is a statutory autonomous body under the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), established in 2003 to implement the provisions under the National Biological Diversity Act, 2002, after India signed Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 1992. It acts as a facilitating, regulating and advisory body to the Government of India, on issues of conservation, sustainable use of biological resources and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of biological resources. Additionally, it advises State Governments in identifying the areas of biodiversity important (biodiversity hotspots) as heritage sites.

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