UPSC General Studies Sample Paper General Studies Sample Paper-3

  • question_answer
    The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is one of the key agreements adopted during the Earth Summit held at Rio de Janeiro in 1992. Consider the following statements.
    1. The convention while reaffirming sovereign rights of nations over their biological resources with establishing three goals of conservation, sustainable use and fair and equitable sharing of the benefits of the use of resources.
    2. India hosted the conference on CBD in Hyderabad in 2012 that also marked the 40th anniversary of
    Stockholm Conference.
    3. Indian Government has led the provision of setting of Biodiversity Management Committee at union level on cognisance of the International Convention on Biodiversity.
    4. Cartagena Biosafety Protocol was negotiated under the Aegis of the Convention on Biological Diversity adopted in 2000 to ensure protection in field and safe transfer of living modified organisms.
    Which of the statements about CDB given above are correct?

    A)  1, 2 and 4                    

    B)  1 and 3           

    C)  2, 3 and 4        

    D)  All of these

    Correct Answer: A

    Solution :

    [a] The Convention on Biological Diversity is one key agreement adopted under Earth Summit in 1992. In 2012, the conference of CBD was held in Hyderabad, which was also marked the 10th anniversary of Sustainable Development Summit, 20th anniversary of Rio Summit and 40th anniversary of Stockholm Conference. Cartagena Biosafety Protocol was negotiated on the Aegis of CBD which deals with Living Modified Organisms (LMOs). India is a party to CBD and has set up National Biodiversity Authority at national level, State Biodiversity boards at state level and Biodiversity Management Committees (BMC) at local level.

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