UPSC General Studies Sample Paper General Studies Sample Paper-3

  • question_answer
    Consider the following statements.                                                   
    1. Commercialisation of agriculture was one of the root cause of Deccan Riots of 1875.            
    2. Civil War of America, led to cotton boom in the Deccan region. But the benefits reaped by this turned negative once wars get over their.
    Farmers were loaded with loan burden.                     
    Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?                                      

    A)  Only 1 

    B)  Only 2             

    C)  Both 1 and 2                

    D)  Neither1nor 2  

    Correct Answer: C

    Solution :

    [c] Due to Civil War in America, the factories of England were lacking in supply of raw material. So, they encourage the plantation of cotton in Deccan. This led to commercialisation of agriculture. This has very positive impact initially that farmer started to earn cash. This was help of providing loan to farmers as the crop needed investment in start. Britisher gave instructions to moneylenders to provide the same to farmers. Now, once war was over, the Britisher again moved to cottons of America due to their superior quality, Farmers were unable to understand this and they continued cash crops. Now, they had neither sufficient food nor money. They were also loaded with loan burden. This situation could only lead to riot, which occurred in 1875.

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