UPSC General Studies Sample Paper General Studies Sample Paper-4

  • question_answer
    Ozone depletion is a major environmental concern throughout the world. Consider the following statements regarding ozone depletion.           
    1. Ozone depletion creates health hazard to the living organisms.
    2. Chlorofluorocarbons are the major depleting substances of ozone layer.
    3. Ozone at the higher stratospheric layer acts as greenhouse gas.
    4. Stockholm Conference is associated with restricting ozone depletion.     
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A)  1 and 2           

    B)  1, 2 and 3

    C)  1, 2 and 4                    

    D) (d) All of these

    Correct Answer: A

    Solution :

    [a] Ozone depletion has been a major environmental concern since 1980s. Ozone covers the Earth as an umbrella and protect the biosphere from hazardous UV rays. UV rays can lead to skin cancer, skin burn and other diseases   to   life   including   human   on   Earth. Chlorofluorocarbons and other halogen compounds react with the ozone at the upper atmosphere and deplete the ozone layer. Ozone itself acts as a greenhouse gas in lower atmosphere (troposphere). Montreal protocol deals with the restriction of ozone depleting substances and Vienna Convention deals with the protection of ozone layer.

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