UPSC General Studies Sample Paper General Studies Sample Paper-4

  • question_answer
    Consider the following statements regarding the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
    1. The people had gathered at Jallianwala Bagh to attend the annual Baishakhi fair and there was not any protest.
    2. The British media strongly condemned General Dyer for ordering the killings of the people.
    3. The government held an inquiry commission, chaired by Lord Hunter.
    4. This commission did not have any Indian member and the report was uncritical of General, Dyer.
    Which of the statements) given above is/are correct?

    A)  1 and 2           

    B)  2 and 3

    C)  2, 3 and 4                    

    D) (d) Only 3

    Correct Answer: D

    Solution :

    [d] On the 13th April, 1919 a large crowd of non-violent protesters, along with Baishakhi pilgrims, had gathered Jallianwala Bagh in the Amritsar, Punjab to protest the arrest two leaders (Saifuddin Kitchlew and Dr Satyapal) despite a curfew which had been recently declared. On orders of Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer, the army fired on the crowd for 10 minutes. The dead numbered between 370 and 1000 or possibly more. The government held an inquiry, chaired by Lord Hunter. While, it was not uncritical of Dyer, it held back from outright censure and the Indian members of his commission issued a more critical minority report.          

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