UPSC General Studies Sample Paper General Studies Sample Paper-4

  • question_answer
    Consider the following statements regarding Public Policy.
    1. A citizen exercise direct influence on policy-making.
    2. In countries, where the courts have the power of judicial review, they have played an important role in policy formation.
    3. In modern societies, political parties generally perform the functions of interest aggregation ie. They seeks to convert the particular demands of interest groups into general policy alternatives.
    4. Pressure groups or interest groups are organisations with formal structures whose members share some common interests. They strive to influence the policies of the government without attempting tc occupy political offices.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A)  I and 4            

    B)  2, 3 and 4

    C)  2 and 3           

    D) (d) All of these

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

    [b] Public policies have to be consistent with the interests of the citizens, as indirectly influence the policy making. Judicial review s the power of courts to determine the constitutionality of action of the legislature and to declare them void if such actions are "ound to be in conflict with the constitutional provisions. Political sarties present programmes, policies or values to the people in the form of manifestos in order to gain their support. They express demands and present alternatives for policy action. X

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