UPSC General Studies Sample Paper General Studies Sample Paper-4

  • question_answer
    The Indian landmass has soils of great diversity. Consider the following statements in the context of characteristics of Indian soils.
    1. Most of the soils are old and mature.
    2. Indian soils are largely deficient in nitrogen, mineral salts, humus and other organic materials.
    3. The black soils are highly impermeable and water retentive.
    4. The formation of laterite soils takes place under typical monsoonal conditions.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A)  1 and 2

    B)                     2, 3 and 4

    C)  1, 3 and 4                    

    D) (d) All of these

    Correct Answer: D

    Solution :

    [d] The Indian soils belong to different categories and hence, differ greatly in their physical properties, chemical composition and fertility level. These are largely old and mature soils and are deficient in nitrogen, mineral salts and organic matter. Black soils are highly impermeable and water retentive due to predominance of clay. The formation of laterite soil takes place in those regions which experience wet and dry weather in alternative manner between the tropics.

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