UPSC General Studies Sample Paper General Studies Sample Paper-5

  • question_answer
    Consider the following statements.
    1. A person who has hold office as a judge of the Supreme Court is prohibited from practising law before any court.
    2. Supreme Court can declare a law void only on substantive grounds of being violation of Constitution and not on procedural grounds of being unreasonable.
    3. Salaries and allowances of Supreme Court Judges cannot varied to his disadvantage during his term of office, except during a financial emergency.
    4. While interpreting the Constitution, the Supreme Court is guided by Doctrine of Progressive
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A)  1 and 3           

    B)  1, 3 and 4         

    C)  2 and 4           

    D)  All of these

    Correct Answer: D

    Solution :

    [d] The retired judges of the SC are prohibited from pleading or acting in any court of law or before any authority within the territory of India. This ensures that they do not favour anyone in the hope of future favour. So, Statement 1 is correct Independence of SC is maintained through mode appointment, security of tenure, fixed service conditions etc. So the Statement 3 is correct.                                  SC is guided by Doctrine of Progressive Interpretation while interpreting the constitution, this doctrine says that a Constitution is organic and must be read in a broad and progressive manner so as to adopt it to the changing times, so the Statement 4 is also correct.                            Judicial review is the power of the Supreme Court to examine the constitutionality of legislative enactments and executive orders of both the Central and State Governments. On examination, if they are found to be violative of the Constitution they can be declared as illegal, unconstitutional and void by the Supreme Court. So, the Statement 2 is correct.

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