UPSC General Studies Sample Paper General Studies Sample Paper-5

  • question_answer
    Consider the following statements regarding early Islamic architecture in India.
    1. The prayer chamber of the mosque was spacious whereas the shrine of the temple was comparatively small.
    2. The structure of mosque was dark and closed where as the temple was open and light.
    3. In both the styles of architecture, the ornamental decoration was very vital.
    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    A)  1 and 2           

    B)  2 and 3

    C)  1 and 3

    D)  All of these

    Correct Answer: C

    Solution :

    [c] Indo-lslamic architecture begun or around the close of 121 century AD. The most important factors common to both forms of architecture, especially in respect of mosques and temples were that to both styles, ornamental decoration was very vital and that the open court in many cases was surrounded by colonnades. But there were contrasting factors also; the prayer chamber of the mosque was spacious, where as that of the temple was dark and closed. A Garbha-Griha, of Hindu temple and small halls for worshippers were considered adequate, but in Islamic form of worship spacious courtyard with a large prayer hall pointing towards Mecca was required.             

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