UPSC General Studies Sample Paper General Studies Sample Paper-6

  • question_answer
    Under Washington Convention, international trade of which of the following species has been regulated?
    1. Red panda                
    2. Jaguar               
    3. Asian elephant           
    4. Asian lion
    5. Leopard                    
    6. Great white shark
    7. Green iguana
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A)  1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

    B)                     4, 5, 6 and 7

    C)  1, 3, 5 and 6                

    D)  All of these

    Correct Answer: A

    Solution :

    [a] CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, also known as the Washington Convention) is a multilateral treaty to protect endangered plants and animals. It was drafted as a result of a resolution adopted in 1963 at a meeting of members of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The convention was opened for signature in 1973 and CITES entered into force on 1st July, 1975. Its aim is to ensure, that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten the survival of the species in the wild and it accords varying degrees of protection to more than 35,000 species of animals and plants. In order to ensure that the General Agreement or Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was not violated, the Secretariat of GATT was consulted during the drafting process. In Appendix I, about 1200 species, are species that are threatened with extinction and are threatened with extinction or may be affected by trade. Commercial trade wild-caught specimens of these species is illega (permitted only in exceptional licensed circumstances).   
    Notable animal species listed in Appendix include        
    ? Red panda (Ailurus fulgens)                      
    ? Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla)                              
    ? Chimpanzee (Pan spp.)                       
    ? Tigers (Panthera tigris)                             
    ? Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica)                  
    ? Leopards (Panthera pardus saxicolor)             
    ? Jaguar (Panthera onca)                        
    ? Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus)                     
    ? Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)              
    ? African elephant (Loxodonta africana)             
    ? All Rhinoceros species (except some Southern African subspecies populations)                       

You need to login to perform this action.
You will be redirected in 3 sec spinner