UPSC General Studies Sample Paper General Studies Sample Paper-8

  • question_answer
    Consider the following characteristics.
    1. The facial and physiognomical features are modelled on the patterns of Greco-Roman Art,
    2. It has a tendency to mould the human body in a realistic manner with great attention to accuracy of physical details, especially by the delineation of muscles and the addition of moustaches.
    3. The representation of the thick drapery with large and bold foldlines form a distinct characteristic.
    4. The Gandhara sculptures reveal rich carving, elaborate or name notation and complex symbolism.
    Which of the statements given above are the characteristics of Gandhara Art?

    A)  1, 2 and 4                    

    B)  1, 2 and 3         

    C)  1, 3 and 4                    

    D)  All of these

    Correct Answer: D

    Solution :

    [d] The Gandhara Buddha image was inspired by Hellenistic realism, tempered by Persian, Scythian, and Parthian models, Sculptors constructed Buddhist images with anatomical accuracy, spatial depth, and foreshortening. In this art, Buddha's curls were altered into wavy hair. Gandhara School was based on Greco-Roman norms encapsulating foreign techniques and an alien spirit. It is also known as Graeco-Buddhist School of art. The foreign influence is evident from the sculptures of Buddha in they bear resemblance to the Greek sculptures. sandstone (Blue-grey Mica schist to be precise) is used in Gandhara School of Art. The Bamyan Buddha of Afghanistan were the example of the Gandhara School. The Other materials used were Mud, Lime, Stuco. However, marble was not used in Gandhara art. Terracotta was used rarely So, all of the statements given are characteristics of Gandhara Art.     

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