UPSC General Studies Sample Paper General Studies Sample Paper-9

  • question_answer
    Consider the following statements regarding Fundamental Duties enshrined in the Constitution.
    1. Fundamental Duties have been amended after their initial introduction in 1976.
    2. They are applicable to both citizens and foreigners in India.
    3. Laws meant to give effect to Fundamental Duties can impose reasonable restrictions on Fundamental
    Rights under Article 14 and 19.
    Which of the statement (s) given above is/ are correct?

    A)  1 and 2           

    B)  1 and 3

    C)  Only 3             

    D)  None of these

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

    [b] Statement 1 is correct. In 2002, the 86th Constitution  Amendment Act, added the Fundamental Duty of parents to provide opportunities for education to the ward, who is between the ages of 6 and 14 yea-z Statement 2 is incorrect, because Fundamental Duties  are applicable to only citizens unlike the Fundamental Rig-3 some of which are also available to foreigners. Statement 3 is correct. The Supreme Court in 1992, held that in determining   constitutionality of an Amendment Act, the court can a law, which seeks to give effect to Fundamental Duties even if it imposes reasonable restrictions on Fundaments' Rights under Articles 14 and 19. Thus, the right answer is [b].

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