UPSC General Studies Sample Paper General Studies Sample Paper-9

  • question_answer
    Which of the following statements is correct about oilzapper?

    A)  It is an eco-friendly technology for the remediation of oily sludge and oil spills

    B)  It is the latest technology developed for under sea oil exploration

    C)  It is a genetically engineered high biofuel fielding maize crop

    D)  It is the latest technology to control the accidentally caused flames from oil wells

    Correct Answer: A

    Solution :

    [a] The new technique of using the bacteria to get rid of oil spill has been called "Oil Zapping." Oil Zapping is a bio-remediation technique involving the use of 'Oil Zapping' bacteria. It was employed to clean up the Mumbai shoreline affected by the oil spill that occurred in August 2010. The Maharashtra Pollution Control Board used the services of The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) which has developed the oil zapping bacteria. TERI had developed this technique over a period of seven years. The Oil Zapping Project was supported    by the Department of Biotechnology (Government of India) and the Ministry of Science and Technology. There are five different bacterial strains that are immobilized and mixed with a carrier material such as powdered corncob. This mixture of five bacteria is called Oil Zapper. Oil Zapper feeds on hydrocarbon compounds present in crude oil and the hazardous hydrocarbon waste generated by oil refineries, known as Oil Sludge and converts them into harmless \[C{{O}_{2}}\]and water. The Oil Zapper is neatly packed into sterile polythene bags and sealed aseptically for safe transport. The shelf life of the product is three months at ambient temperature.

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