KVPY Sample Paper KVPY Stream-SX Model Paper-22

  • question_answer
    A parallel plate capacitor C with plates of unit area and separation d is filled with a liquid of dielectric constant \[\kappa =2\]. The level of liquid is \[\frac{d}{3}\] initially. Suppose the liquid level decreases at a constant speed v, the time constant as a function of time \[t\] is

    A) \[\frac{6{{\in }_{0}}R}{5d+3vt}\]

    B) \[\frac{\left( 15d+9vt \right){{\in }_{0}}R}{2{{d}^{2}}-3dvt-9{{v}^{2}}{{t}^{2}}}\]

    C) \[\frac{6{{\in }_{0}}R}{5d-3vt}\]

    D) \[\frac{\left( 15d-9vt \right){{\in }_{0}}R}{2{{d}^{2}}-3dvt-9{{v}^{2}}{{t}^{2}}}\]

    Correct Answer: A

    Solution :

    at any time, the level of liquid \[{{x}_{1}}=\left( \frac{d}{3}-vt \right),\]and the thickness of the air \[{{x}_{2}}=d-\left( \frac{d}{3}-vt \right)=\left( \frac{2d}{3}+vt \right).\]
    Now \[C=\frac{{{C}_{1}}{{C}_{2}}}{{{C}_{1}}+{{C}_{2}}};\]where \[{{C}_{1}}=\frac{{{\in }_{0}}kA}{{{x}_{1}}},\]and \[{{C}_{2}}=\frac{{{\in }_{0}}A}{{{x}_{2}}}.\]
    Time constant \[\tau =CR=\left[ \frac{6{{\in }_{0}}R}{5d+3vt} \right]\]

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