|Which of the following is/are matched correctly?|
|I. Samaveda - melody|
|II. Atharvaveda - mainly magical spells|
|III. Aranyakas - written mainly for the hermits|
|IV. Srauta Sutra ? ceremonies of domestic life|
A) I and III
B) II and III
C) I, II and III
D) I, III and IV
Correct Answer: C
Solution :[c] Srauta-sutra deals with religious sacrifices; Grihyasutra with domestic ceremonies; Dharmasutra with customary law and practice. The Samaveda, is the Veda of melodies and chants. Atharvaveda include almost exclusively of a wide variety of hymns, magical incantations, and magical spells. It contains spells for everything from success in love to the realization of other worldly ambitions prevalent at its time. The Aranyakas were written in Forests and are concluding parts of the Brahmans. Aranyakas don't lay much emphasis on rites, ritual and sacrifices but have philosophy and mysticism. So they have moral science and philosophy. It also provides the details of the rishis who lived in jungles. Aranyakas were written mainly for the hermits and students living in the jungles. Please note that Aranyakas are the concluding portion of the Brahmanas or their appendices. They lay emphasis not on sacrifices but on meditation. They are in fact, opposed to sacrifices and many of the early rituals. Their stress is on moral values. They form a bridge between way of work (karma marga) which was the sole concern of the Brahmanas and the way of knowledge (gyan marga) which the Upanishads advocated.
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