A) The cattle population includes drought animals also
B) Of hot climate, poor breeds and lack of fodder
C) Animals are used as drought animals also
D) Enough care of animals is not taken
Correct Answer: B
Solution :[b] India has the world's largest livestock population- 58 percent of buffaloes and 15 percent of cattle. Owing to this huge bovine stock, though India has managed to attain numero uno position in milk production, the full potential of Indian milch herd remains unattained. Over the last three decades (1982 to 2012), average productivity of Indian cattle and buffaloes has grown from 1.9 to 3.9 kg per day, and from 3.7 to 6.2 kg per day, respectively. The average daily milk yield for crossbred cattle is better at 7.1 kg per day, but still significantly lesser than the best of global standards - UK, USA and Israel are at 25.6, 32.8 and 38.6 kg per day, respectively. The major causes of low productivity in India are both intrinsic (low genetic potential) and extrinsic (poor nutrition/feed management, inferior farm management practices, ineffective veterinary and extension services and inefficient implementation of breed improvement programmes).
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