|Between 1309 and 1311, Malik Kafur led two campaigns in South India. The significance of the expeditions lies in it that|
|1. They reflected a high degree of boldness and spirit of adventure on the part of the Delhi rulers.|
|2. The invaders returned to Delhi with untold wealth.|
|3. They provided fresh geographical knowledge.|
|4. Alauddin promoted Malik Kafur to the rank of Malik- ' naib or Vice-Regent of the Empire.|
|Select the correct answer using the codes given below|
A) 1 and 3
B) 1, 2 and 4
C) 2 and 4
D) 1, 2, 3 and 4
Correct Answer: C
Solution :[c] In 1305, Kafur defeated the Mongols at the Battle of Amroha and led two campaigns in south India between 1309 and 1311 - the first against Warangal and the second against Dwar Samudra, Mabar and Madurai. Kafur was made malik naib, the senior commander of the army after its southern campaigns. In 1294, Kafur led the sultan's army against the capital city of the Yadava kingdom, Devagiri. Kafur led further invasions southward into the Kakatiya dynasty, winning immense riches for the sultanate and sacking many Hindu temples. The booty from Warangal included the famous Koh-i-Noor diamond. During the course of the attack he sacked and plundered many Hindu temples including the famous Hoyasaleshwara temple in Halebidu. According to Muslim historian Ziauddin Barani, Kafur came back to Delhi with 241 tonnes of gold, 20,000 horses and 612 elephants laden with the looted treasure.
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