B) Atmospheric refraction
C) Scattering of light
D) Persistence of vision
Correct Answer: B
Solution :[b] The time of sunset is defined in astronomy as the moment when the trailing edge of the Sun's disk disappears below the horizon. Near to the horizon, atmospheric refraction causes the ray path of light from the Sun to be distorted to such an extent that the Sun's disk is already about one diameter below the horizon when sunset is observed.
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