SSC Indian Polity and Civics Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-1

  • question_answer
    Which of the following are the features of 74th
    Amendment Act in municipalities?
    1. Reservation of seats for SCs and STs in Proportion of their population
    2. Mandatory periodic elections every 5 years
    3. The procedure for maintenance of accounts and audit would be decided by the state Governor
    4. Constitution of Nagar-Panchayats for smaller urban area.

    A)  1, 2, and         

    B)  2, and 3

    C)  3 and 4

    D)  1 and 2

    Correct Answer: D

    Solution :

    [d] The Constitution (74th Amendment) Act, 1992 came into effect in April 1993. The core features of the Constitution (74th Amendment) Act, 1992 are as follows Features:   1. It inserted Part IX A to the Constitution and incorporated 18 subjects under the Twelfth Schedule related to municipality. 2. According to Article 243-Q, there shall be constituted in every State, Nagar Panchayats. Municipal Councils and Municipal Corporations and all the seats of the municipality shall be filled by direct election from the territorial constituencies in the municipal area. Each municipal area shall be divided into territorial constituencies to be known as wards. The legislature of a State may by law make provision with respect to composition, manner and territorial area of wards committee. 3. Seats are reserved for SCs and STs in every municipality and one-third of the total seats are reserved for women. 4. Every municipality shall continue for five years from the date appointed for its first meeting. Under the Act, a municipality means an institution of self-government. As an institution of self-government, it can prepare plans and implement them for economic development and social justice. 5. The legislature of a State may by law endow the municipalities with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as institutions of self-government and such law may contain provision for the devolution of powers and responsibilities with respect to preparation of plan and its implementation and subjects incorporated in Twelfth Schedule for economic development and social justice. The legislature of a State may by law authorize a municipality to levy collect and appropriate such taxes, duties, tolls and fees in accordance with such procedure and subject to such limits. 6. The Finance Commission constituted under the 73rd seventy third amendment act shall review the financial position of the municipality. Similarly, the superintendence direction and control of the preparation of electoral rolls for and the conduct of all elections to the municipalities shall be vested in the State Election Commission.

You need to login to perform this action.
You will be redirected in 3 sec spinner