SSC History Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-2

  • question_answer
    Which of the following is true with regard to common points in Buddhism and Jainism?

    A)  Hinayanism accepted the fundamental doctrines of the old school. The Mahayanism introduced the concept of image worship as also the deification of Buddha.

    B)  Hinayanists regarded salvation of individuals as the goal; whereas Mehayanists emphasised on the salvation of all beings.

    C)  The school of Hinayanism stated that the path to salvation was through observance of the prescribed moral percepts. The Mahayanism school differed and laid stress on worship of Buddha and Bodhisattvas.

    D)         High and lower castes were allowed as devotees.

    Correct Answer: D

    Solution :

     Both Jainism and Buddhism originally derived their ideas from the Upanishadas and both had a common background of Aryan culture. Buddhism and Jainism were indebted to the Sankhya philosophy. The Buddhists and Jainas equally believe that the world is full of misery, that the object or religion is to deliver the soul from the miseries of this world by eliminating rebirth. This concept of the Jainas and the Buddhists that world is a misery and that man is subjected to the result of Karma was borrowed from the Upanishadas and the Sankhya philosophy. Both Mahavira and Buddha rejected the authority of the Vedas and the efficacy of Vedic rites. Both denied the existence of God and upheld ascetic life, moral and ethical codes. Both the teachers upheld non-violence as means of salvation. Both dismissed caste system. Jainism and Buddhism had largest number of followers among the mercantile class. Both Mahavira and Buddha preached their doctrines in the language of the

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