SSC Economics Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-2

  • question_answer
    Population experts refer to the possible 'demographic bonus' that may accrue to India in the near future. They are referring to the phenomenon of

    A) A sharp drop in the total population

    B) A surge in the population in the productive age group;

    C) A decline in both birth and death sates;

    D) A well-balanced sex ratio.

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

    Demographic Bonus or Demographic dividend refers to a period- usually 20 to 30 years - when fertility rates fall due to significant reductions in child and infant mortality rates. Due to the dividend between young and old, many argue that there is a great potential for economic gains, which has been termed the "demographic gift".141 In order for economic growth to occur the younger population must have access to quality education, adequate nutrition and health including access to sexual and reproductive health.

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