SSC History Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-2

  • question_answer
    Which one of the following was a reason for the failure of talks held at the Simla Conference in 1945?

    A)  The Congress boycotted it

    B)  The Viceroy was indifferent to demands of Congress

    C)  The Dominion status suggested by the Viceroy was not acceptable .to both Congress and Muslim League.

    D)  Jinnah insisted that all Muslim members of the Executive Council must be nominated by Muslim League

    Correct Answer: D

    Solution :

     To discuss the provisions of the Wavell Plan a conference of 21 Indian Political leaders was invited to the Summer Capital of British Government Shimla. The leaders included Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, who was the President of the Congress at that time. Mohammad Ali Jinnah also reached in the conference. But here, Jinnah made a strange claim. He said that no non-league Muslim should be represented to the Executive Council because only Muslim League has right to represent the Muslims of India. So, it was said that Congress had no right to nominate any Muslim in the Executive council. Jinnah also demanded that in case of the division of votes and objection by the Muslim members, there should be a provision that vote is cleared only by 2/3rd of majority. Wavell had given place to 6 Muslims in the Executive Council of 14, and British had given it the power of Veto to any constitutional proposal which was not in its interest. But Muslims represented only 25% of Indian Population. Thus, these unreasonable demands were rejected by Congress. The Muslim league did not relent and Wavell dropped the plan. However, now it was almost clear to Congress that Muslim League can make or mar the fortune of Muslims of India. It was seen as strongest at this point of time, than ever before.

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