SSC History Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-2

  • question_answer
    Who among the following organised the defence in the trial of the I. N. A. officers: Capt. P. K. Sehgal, Capt. Shahnawaz Khan and Capt. G.S. Dhillon?

    A)  Bhulabhai Desai

    B)  Madan Mohan Malaviya

    C)  Dr. Saifuddin Kitehlew

    D)  Ganesh Vasudeo Mavalankar

    Correct Answer: A

    Solution :

    [a] The Indian National Army trials (INA trials), or the Red Fort trials, were the British Indian trial by courts-martial of a number of officers of the Indian National Army (INA) between November 1945 and May 1946, for charges variously for treason, torture, murder and abetment to murder during World War II. The first, and most famous, of the approximately ten trials was held in the Red Fort in Delhi, hence they are also known as the "Red Fort trials". In total, approximately ten courts-martial were held. The first of these, and the most celebrated one, was the joint court-martial of Colonel Prem Sahgal, Colonel Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon, Major General Shah Nawaz Khan. The three had been officers in the British Indian Army and were taken as prisoners of war In Malaya, Singapore and Burma. They had, like a large number of other troops and officers of the British Indian Army, joined the Indian National Army and later fought in Imphal and Burma alongside the Japanese forces in allegiance to Azad Hind. These three came to be the only defendants in the INA trials who were charged with "waging war against the King-Emperor" (the Indian Army Act, 1911 did not provide for a separate charge for treason) as well as murder and abetment of murder. Bhulabhai Desai was an independence activist and acclaimed lawyer. He is well remembered for his defence of the three Indian National Army soldiers accused of treason during World War II, and for attempting to negotiate a secret power-sharing agreement with Liaquat Ali Khan of the Muslim League.

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