|Direction: Following item consists of two statements, one labelled as 'Assertion (A) ' and the other as 'Reason (R)'. You are to examine these two statements carefully and select the answers to these items using the code given below:|
|Assertion (A) : Lord Ripon resigned before the term of this viceroyalty was over.|
|Reason (R): The British Government was annoye the Ilbert bill and forced him to resign.|
A) Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A
B) Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A
C) A is true but R is false
D) A is false but R is true
Correct Answer: C
Solution :[c] Sir Ilbert introduced a bill popularly known as the Ilbert Bill on 2nd February 1883 and through this bill the British European subjects were brought under the jurisdiction of Indian magistrates and judges. But the bill was vehemently opposed by the European Community in India who formed a Defence Association to defence their special privileges. They passed resolutions urging the British Government to recall him before the expiration of the period of his office. After a prolonged tug of war Ripon bowed before the storm of agitation and modified the bill. Ripon resigned from his post in 1884 before the term of his viceroyalty was over. He was very popular with the Indians. According to Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, "Ripon was the greatest and the most beloved Viceroy whom India has known." Ripon is remembered according to Surendra Nath Banarjee for, "the Purity of his intentions, the loftiness of his ideas, righteousness of his policy and his hatred of racial disqualifications."
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