|Consider the following services/ goods|
|1. Universalisation of Secondary Education.|
|2. Cleaning of Ganga and Yamuna Rivers.|
|3. Polio Vaccination.|
|Which of the services/goods given above are Merit Goods of an economy?|
A) 1 and 2
B) 1 and 3
C) 2 and 3
D) All of these
Correct Answer: D
Solution :The concept of a merit good introduced in economics by Richard Musgrave (1957, 1959) is a commodity which is judged that an individual or society should have on the basis of some concept of need, rather than ability and willingness to pay. The term is, perhaps, less often used today than it was in the 1960s to 1980s but the concept still lies behind many economic actions by governments which are not performed specifically for financial reasons or by supporting incomes (e.g. via tax rebates). Examples include the provision of food stamps to support nutrition, the delivery of health services to improve quality of life and reduce morbidity, subsidized housing and arguably education.
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