A) The literature produced during the reign of the great Pallava dynasty of Kanchi
B) The poems written in praise of the Pandyan kings of the early Christian era
C) The court poetry of China kings who were famous for patronizing artists
D) A college of Assensley (literary academy) of Tamil scholars held under the royal patronage of Pandyan king at Madurai
Correct Answer: D
Solution :Sangam was the ancient academy, which enabled Tamil poets and authors to gather periodically to publish their work. The Sangam met periodically in the city of Madurai in South India under the patronage of the Pandya kings. The current estimate is that the Sangam period lasted between 100 BCE until 300 CE. The earliest mention of the Sangam is to be found in the 8th century commentary on the Irayanar Agapporul. It mentions three Sangams lasting, at long intervals, for a total of 9990 years. Sangam literature comprises some of the oldest extant Tamil literature, and deals with love, war, governance, trade and bereavement. Sangam Literature is one of the main sources used for documenting the early history of the ancient Tamil country. The ancient Sangam poems mention numerous kings and princes, the existence of some of whom have been confirmed through archaeological evidence. Sangam literature is still the main source for the early Cholas, the Pandyas and the Cheras.
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