A) During 1991-2011, decline in birth rate has been sharper as compared to decline in death rate.
B) Infant mortality rate during the past thirty years has more than halved
C) Total fertility rate has declined from 3.6 in 1991 to 2.4 in 2011
D) None of these
Correct Answer: C
Solution :[c] From 1981 onwards, India's population is growing consistently but growth rate of population has been falling. Average annual growth rate of population was 1.64 percent in 2011. It was 2.16 in 1991 and 1.97 in 2001 .But in its absolute size, population continues to rise. From 1981 to 201153 crore people were added to our population. India has realized impressive gains in child survival over the last two decades. The total fertility rate (TFR) has declined from 5.2 to 4.5 during 1971 to 1981 and from 3.6 to 2.4 during 1991 to 2011. The TFR in rural areas has declined from 5.4 to 2.7 from 1971 to 2011 whereas the corresponding decline in urban areas has been from 4.1 to 1.9 during the same period.
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