|In the context of Subsidiary Alliance, which of the statements given below are correct?|
|1. If was Wellesley who effectively reverted the policy of "non-intervention" followed by his predecessors.|
|2. He made the Nawab and Nizams subsidiary allies by signing almost 100 such treaties.|
|3. Initially Wellesley compelled the friendly rulers to accept this alliance.|
|4. The First victim of the policy of subsidiary alliance of Wellesley was the Nizam of Hyderabad.|
A) 1 and 3 only
B) 1 and 4 only
C) 2, 3 and 4 only
D) 1, 2, 3 and 4
Correct Answer: D
Solution :[d] Wellesley neutralized the Nizam by getting him to sign the Subsidiary alliance to replace his French detachments. He also forbade Nizam to correspond with the Marathas without British consent. As the Nawab was a French protege, he had appointed many Frenchmen at his court, but after this treaty, he was forced to dismiss the French employees and maintained six expensive British Battalions. Marathas in Deccan had not entered into any kind of treaty, but still they were neutralized by Wellesley by a promise of share in the spoils of Tipu. After that only Wellesley demanded submission of Tipu and followed an invasion.
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