|Consider the following statements:|
|1. Sugar industry is a raw material oriented industry.|
|2. There is a gradual shifting of sugar industry from the peninsular India to north India.|
A) Only 1 is correct
B) Only 2 is correct
C) Both 1 and 2 are correct
D) Neither 1 nor 2 is correct
Correct Answer: A
Solution :[a] Sugar industry is raw material oriented industry because it uses sugarcane as the main raw material which is heavy and weight losing material. Sugarcane cannot be stored for long as the loss of sucrose content is inevitable. Besides, it cannot be transported to long distances because any increase in transportation cost would raise the cost of production and the sugarcane may dry on the way. It is estimated that 50% cost of production is accounted for by sugarcane alone. Normally, it requires about 100 tonnes of sugarcane to produce 10-12 tonnes of sugar. Even today, most of sugarcane is transported with the help of bullock carts and cannot be carried beyond 20-2S km. The introduction of tractor-trollies, trucks and even railway wagons have increased the distance covered by sugarcane to 70-75 km beyond which the transportation cost would increase exorbitantly. Therefore, the sugar industry is established in areas of sugarcane cultivation. Further, there is a gradual shifting of sugar industry from north India to the peninsular India (and not from the peninsular India to north India) because the geographical conditions for growing sugarcane are more suitable in the peninsular India than in the northern parts of the country.
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