SSC Ecology And Environment Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-3

  • question_answer
    The percentage of land covered by forest is

    A)  9-18% 

    B)  18-27%

    C)  27-36%

    D)  more than 50%

    Correct Answer: A

    Solution :

    [a] Forests cover 31 percent of the world's land surface, just over 4 billion hectares. (One hectare = 2.47 acres.) This is down from the pre-industrial area of 5.9 billion hectares. According to data from the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization, deforestation was at its highest rate in the 1990s, when each year the world lost on average 16 million hectares of forest. According to the latest India State of Forest Report 2015 which is released once in two years, there has been an increase of 3775 sq km in forest cover as compared to the assessment done in 2013. As per the present assessment, the total forest and tree cover of the country is 7, 01,673 sqkm, which is 21.34 percent of the geographical area of the country,

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