SSC Ecology And Environment Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-4

  • question_answer
    Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) is a measure of

    A)  Industrial wastes poured into water bodies

    B)  Extent to which water is polluted with organic compounds

    C)  Amount of carbon monoxide inseparably combined with haemoglobin

    D)  Amount of oxygen needed by green plants during night

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

    [b] Biochemical oxygen demand is a measure of the quantity of oxygen used by microorganisms (e.g., aerobic bacteria) in the oxidation of organic matter. Natural sources of organic matter include plant decay and leaf fall. However, plant growth and decay may be unnaturally accelerated when nutrients and sunlight are overly abundant due to human influence. Urban runoff carries pet wastes from streets and sidewalks; nutrients from lawn fertilizers; leaves, grass clippings, and paper from residential areas, which increase oxygen demand. Oxygen consumed in the decomposition process robs other aquatic organisms of the oxygen they need to live. Organisms that are more tolerant of lower dissolved oxygen levels may replace a diversity of natural water systems contain bacteria, which need oxygen (aerobic) to survive. Most of them feed on dead algae and other dead organisms and are part of the decomposition cycle. Algae and other producers in the water take up inorganic nutrients and use them in the process of building up their organic tissues.

You need to login to perform this action.
You will be redirected in 3 sec spinner