|Which among the following statements are correct with regard to the Portuguese in India?|
|1. They had the monopoly over the Eastern trade in 16th century.|
|2. They possessed Mumbai in the beginning|
|3. They had trading settlements at Cochin, Daman and Diu.|
|4. The Mughals denied them any trading concessions. Select the correct answer using the codes given below:|
A) 1, 2 and 3
B) 2, 3 and 4
C) 1, 2 and 4
D) 1 and 3
Correct Answer: A
Solution :[a] Growing apprehensive of the power of the Mughal emperor Humayun, Sultan Bahadur Shah of the Gujarat Sultanate was obliged to sign the Treaty of Bassein with the Portuguese Empire on 23 December 1534. According to the treaty, the seven islands of Bombay, the nearby strategic town of Bassein and its dependencies were offered to the Portuguese. The territories were later surrendered on 25 October 1535.
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