|Which is/are true regarding Biotechnology?|
|1. It is the application of scientific and engineering principles to the processing of materials by biological agents to provide goods and services.|
|2. Yet the formation of a new field, genetic engineering, would soon bring biotechnology to the forefront of science in society, and the intimate relationship between the scientific community, the public, and the government would ensue.|
|3. Biotechnology arose from the field of zymotechnology, which began as a search for a better understanding of industrial fermentation, particularly beer.|
|4. Genetic engineering in biotechnology stimulated hopes for both therapeutic proteins, drugs and biological organisms themselves, such as seeds, pesticides, engineered yeasts, and modified human cells for treating genetic diseases.|
|5. Biotechnology comes under the broad heading of Genetic Engineering, Select the correct answer using the codes given below|
A) 2, 3 and 4
B) 1, 3, 4 and 5
C) 1, 2, 3 and 4
D) 2 and 4 only
Correct Answer: C
Solution :[c] Genetic engineering; also called genetic modification, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genome using biotechnology. It is a set of technologies used to change the genetic makeup of cells, including the transfer of genes within and across species boundaries to produce improved or novel organisms.
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