SSC History Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-4

  • question_answer
    Direction: Following item consists of two statements, one labelled as 'Assertion (A) ' and the other as 'Reason (R)'. You are to examine these two statements carefully and select the answers to these items using the code given below:
    Assertion (A) : The Tughlaq architecture is marked by the construction of battered walls and tapered bastions at the comers of the buildings as features of added strength.
    Reason (R): The building material used by the Tughlaqs shows predominance of fresh quarried stone rubble and boulders.

    A)  Both A and R are individually true and R is the correct explanation of A

    B)  Both A and R are individually true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    C)  A is true but R is false

    D)  A is false but R is true

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

    [b] Architecture during Tughlaq dynasty was flourished in the hands of three rulers. They were the founder of the dynasty, Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq who ruled from 1320 to 1325, his son, Mohammed Shah Tughlaq, ruled from 1325 to 1351, and the most creative of all in his building projects, Firoz Shah Tughlaq who ruled Delhi from 1351 to 1388. Feroz Shah Tughlaq was a great patron of Islamic architecture. He built the fifth city of Delhi, named as Ferozshah Kotla. Apart from Ferozshah Kotla, several building arts like Tughlaqabad the third city of Delhi, the Tomb of Ghiyas-ud-Din and Khirki Masjid represents the major development of architectures during the Tughlaq dynasty. The colossal structures of the Tughlaq dynasty, the sheer finesse of the lattice work, the grandeur of the colorful marbles and stones which were abundantly used in the architectures not only reflect the architectural developments during Tughlaq dynasty, but also whispers the saga of the glorious Islamic architecture in India.

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