|Consider the following statements about the Non-|
|1. The movement was a mixture of nationalism, middle class politics, religion, feudalism, agrarian discontent and working class agitation.|
|2. The movement was much greater in intensity than any other political agitation which came before it|
|3. The movement helped to foster Hindu-Muslim unity. Which of the statement given above is/are correct?|
A) Only 2
B) 2 and 3
C) Only 3
D) 1 and 3
Correct Answer: B
Solution :[b] The Non-cooperation movement was a significant phase of the Indian struggle for freedom from British rule. It was led by Mohandas Gandhi and was supported by the Indian National Congress. After the Jallianwala Bagh incident, Gandhi started the Non-Cooperation movement. It aimed to resist British occupation in India through nonviolent means. Protestors would refuse to buy British goods, adopt the use of local handicrafts, picket liquor shops, and try to uphold the Indian values of honor and integrity. The ideals of Ahimsa and nonviolence, and Gandhi's ability to rally hundreds of thousands of common citizens towards the cause of Indian independence, were first seen on a large scale in this movement through the summer 1920, they feared that the movement might lead to popular nonviolence. Among the significant causes of this movement were colonial oppression, exemplified by the Rowlatt Act and Jallianwala Bagh massacre, economic hardships to the common man due to a large chunk of Indian wealth being exported to Britain, ruin of Indian artisans due to British factory-made goods replacing handmade goods, and popular resentment with the British over Indian soldiers dying in World War I while fighting as part of the British Army, in battles that otherwise had nothing to do with India.
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